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Allergy Treatments

The Best Allergy Treatments

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Allergic reactions occur when our immune system overreacts to substances which are not normally harmful to our body. It is still unknown what triggers allergy, often from one day to the other, but genetic susceptibility and environmental factors are believed to contribute. When the immune system detects foreign substances and judges them to be harmful, histamines are released, which are responsible for the allergic symptoms.

Allergy treatments usually try to control symptoms or prevent severe allergic reactions. Most allergies can be efficiently treated with medication and by avoiding contact with the allergen. Allergy can be triggered by:

  • Skin contact with chemicals, plants and pollen
  • Bee stings
  • The ingestion of certain food and medication
  • Inhaling dust, pollen, animal furallergy-treatments_Small

Allergy Treatments

As allergies vary, allergy treatments need to correspond to the versatile nature of this illness.

Allergy treatments include:

  1. Medication
  2. Allergy shots
  3. Emergency allergy shots
  4. Allergen avoidance

 

  1. Medical Allergy Treatments

Corticosteroids treat allergies by reducing inflammation. They are most commonly prescribed in pills and injections, but they can be found in eye drops, inhalers, nasal spray and in creams applied for skin allergies.

Antihistamines attack allergy symptoms and are available in several forms: pills, injection, nasal spray and eye drops.

Decongestants may be administered in nasal spray and pills to help heavily clogged and stuffy nose breathe more easily. 

New allergy treatments include Leukotriene inhibitors which both reduce symptoms and prevent allergic reactions. It blocks the activity of leukotreine, a chemical responsible for the swelling and mucus production of the respiratory passages.

Mast cell inhibitors must also be mentioned among new allergy treatments that are able to prevent the immune reaction. When the body gets exposed to allergens, they are able to control mast cell histamine release and thus the allergy symptoms.

            2. Allergy Shots

This treatment option is also called immunotherapy because it aims to train your body against allergens. By exposing your immune system continuously to small amounts of the substance you are allergic to, your body gets used to it and allergic reactions will become less severe.

            3. Emergency Allergy Shot

If you are prone to life threatening allergic reactions, you are likely to receive epinephrine shot which reduces symptoms. Carrying an epinephrine shot with you all the time can be life saving if you cannot get medical help immediately.

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