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Chinese medicine

Traditional Chinese Medicine

Traditional Chinese medicine is as ancient as Chinese society itself. One way to understand its importance is by comparing the medical tradition of Chinese civilization with that of Western countries: a noteworthy fact is that Chinese medicine preceded Western medical practices with more than 5,000 years. Naturally, just as Western culture has compiled vast knowledge about a great deal of procedures and the scientific method, traditional Chinese medicine has also recorded a deep, immense theory, countless methods for diagnosis, prescriptions and cures.

Yin-Yang and Methods of Diagnosis

The roots of the doctrines of Chinese medicine are found in books such as the Treatise on Cold Damage and the Yellow Emperor’s Inner Cannon. Cosmological notions of yin-yang and the five phases of Chinese Taoism are also involved in the precepts.

Other studies like anatomy, pathology, the model of the body and the interpretation of diseases are elaborated on in the Chinese Medicine Doctrines, although they are not supported by the scientific community.

For Chinese medicine an individual’s body is the result of the balance between two opposing forces: Yin and Yang (inner negative and outer positive). Traditional Chinese medicine aims to trace symptoms of their underlying disharmony.

Only physical examination, without the aid of any apparatus, helps traditional Chinese medical practitioners to cure patients. The diagnostic method consists of four steps:

  • Observation – examine physical appearance (skin, tongue and facial sensory organs) to know the patient’s condition.
  • Auscultation and Olfaction – collect bodily messages through smelling the odor and hearing the sound.
  • Interrogation – includes questions to map the symptoms, previous treatments and the evolution of the disease.
  • Pulse taking and palpation – in order to know the inner change of the symptoms, practitioners look for pulse, frequency and intensity of the pulse.

Chinese Medicine Treatment

Analyzing the quality and source of the disease the doctors combine the facts to diagnose and give prescription. In traditional Chinese medicine, herbs play a major role in the healing procedure. Similarly to Boyak treatments , the Chinese have always observed the medicinal properties of herbs and studied the best methods of preparation. Acupuncture  and massage are associated with Chinese herbal medicine supporting the efficiency of its medical practice.

Even nowadays, when the Western medical tradition has been vastly adopted worldwide, Chinese traditional treatments raise constant attention and interest.