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Artery reconstruction

Artery Reconstruction Surgery

 The development of artery diseases are strongly lifestyle related. A thick substance called plaque may build up on the walls of the arteries in the course of years due to:

  • High ‘bad’ cholesterol intake
  • Increased glucose level in diabetic patients
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure

The plaque build-up (aka atherosclerosis) may then narrow down or block the blood from the brain, heart or limbs and lead to life threatening conditions such as stroke or heart attack. Another consequence of atherosclerosis is that the walls of the arteries lose their flexibility, which often aggravates high-blood pressure. But an even more dangerous outcome may happen when plaque cracks down from the blood vessel walls and form a blood clot that can get stuck and block the way in any artery.

The best solution for damaged arteries and to prevent the above mentioned consequences is artery reconstruction by surgical means. The most commonly performed artery reconstruction procedures are:

  • Carotid artery surgeryArtery-reconstruction_Small
  • Coronary artery reconstruction
  • Peripheral artery repair

Carotid Artery Surgery

Carotid arteries supply the brain and the face with oxygen rich blood. When the free flow of blood is blocked in the artery, parts of the brain can remain without oxygen and get damaged. There are two highly efficient procedures applied in artery repair:

  • Angioplasty and stenting
  • Endarecteromy (the surgical removal of the plaque)

Coronary Artery Reconstruction

When the plaque bulids up in the coronary arteries, our heart may get insufficient blood supply, which provoke shortness of breath, chest pain and in severe cases heart attack. The two most commonly used techniques are:

  • Coronary angioplasty
  • Coronary artery bypass (the surgeon makes a gaft bypass next to the blocked artery with the help of a vein taken from the patient’s body)

Peripheral Artery Repair

The circulation of the limbs are also provided by arteries and when due to paque build-up it becomes insatisfactory, artery reconstruction may offer a long-term solution. The surgical technique is basically the same as in coronary diseases; the artery repair is done by bypass surgery or angioplasty.

 All artery surgical treatments must be strictly complemented with:

  • Weight control
  • Physical exercise
  • Blood pressure control
  • Diet low in bad cholesterol
  • Smoke free life