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Types of Cardiovascular’s Diseases & Treatments

Cardiovascular Treatments

 The cardiovascular system is in charge of delivering oxygen, hormones, nutrients and other important substances to the cells of the body. Other essential roles include responding to the demands of exercise, stress and strenuous activity as well as helping to maintain body temperature.

The circulatory or cardiovascular system is made of:

  • Heart
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  • Arteries and veins (blood vessels)

Due to its multiple functions and responsiveness to stress or strain, the cardiovascular system is prone to suffer a great deal of diseases. The branch of healthcare specialized in cardiovascular disease treatment (also called CVD treatment) is referred to as cardiovascular  medicine.

Some common disorders CVD treatments are targeted to include:

  • Stroke
  • Peripheral artery disease (PAD)
  • Arrhythmia 
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart valve problems
  • Heart failure
  • Coronary artery disease (angina, heart attack)
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm

Medical specialists involved in all types of cardiovascular diseases treatments include cardiologists, vascular surgeons, cardiac and thoracic surgeons and primary care doctors; other care providers include nurses, nutritionists and physician assistants.

Some common tests involved in all types of cardiovascular diseases treatments are:

 

Cardiovascular Disease Treatments

In order to diagnose, monitor or treat heart diseases, most types of cardiovascular diseases treatments require minimally invasive procedures, such as a catheter or cardiac devices inserted into the body. Some of those common procedures include:

Measuring and controling pressure in the heart:

  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Angioplasty
  • Angiogram
  • Ablation therapy

Surgeries performed in order to treat heart and blood vessel problems include:

  • Heart transplant
  • Surgical treatment of congenital defects
  • Heart valve replacement and repair
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Pacemaker and defibrillator insertion
  • Arterial bypass grafts
  • Endarterectomies
  • Repair of aneurysms

Cardiac therapy and rehab is also an integral part of several types of cardiovascular diseases treatments. They are used to prevent heart diseases and are recommended after heart attack or cardiac surgery, to prevent the condition from getting worse.

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