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Periodontal gum disease

Periodontal Gum Disease

 Periodontal gum disease refers to a wide range of gum conditions, from simple gum inflammation to major damage to the supporting bone of the teeth. In some serious cases of periodontal gum disease your teeth can be lost.

The cause for periodontal gum disease is mainly tartar, which is a combination of bacteria, mucus and plaque that stuck to the teeth. The longer the tartar and plaque are on the teeth and gum, the more harmful they become.

Gingivitis is a gum inflammation caused by bacteria, and it is a mild form of periodontal gum disease, that can be reversed with flossing and daily brushing. But when not treated, it can evolve to a condition that may lead the permanent damage of bones, gums and oral tissue.

Some well-known risk factors that contribute to periodontal gum disease are:


  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes in women (makes gums more sensitive)
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer or AIDS
  • Medications – saliva reducers
  • Genetic susceptibility

The most common symptoms for periodontal gum disease include:

  • Bad breath
  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose and sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums

Periodontal Gum Disease Treatment

First, the dental specialist will perform an X-ray test to check for bone loss. If the dental specialist perceives signs of periodontal gum disease, the patient will be referred to a periodontist, who in an expert in diagnosing and treating gum diseases.

The main goal of the treatment is to control the infection and the inflammation. Regardless of the medical gum disease treatment administered, it will require good daily care from the patient at home and lifestyle change to improve the treatment outcome.

Among periodontal gum disease treatments, we find:

  • Deep Cleaning – includes scaling and root planning. The dental hygienist removes the plaque and scales the tartar. Medications – typically prescribed along with scaling and root planning:
    • Antimicrobial mouth rinse – controls bacteria and treats gingivitis
    • Antiseptic chip – controls bacteria and reduces periodontal pocket size
    • Antibiotic gel – controls bacteria and reduces periodontal pocket size
    • Antibiotic microspheres – controls bacteria and reduces periodontal pocket size
    • Enzyme suppressant – controls enzyme response
    • Oral antibiotics – treats periodontal infection

Periodontal Gum Disease Treatment – Surgery

  • Flap surgery – removes tartar deposits
  • Bone and tissue grafts – after flap surgery, it is recommended to help regenerate lost bones and gum tissues.