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Bone diseases

Bone Diseases

Bones are defined as living tissues with the ability to regenerate constantly in order to provide support and give shape to the body. Bones depend on their own metabolism to reconstruct themselves and stay healthy.

The most common bone disease are:

  • Osteoporosis (also called low bone density) It is a common metabolic bone disease that is related to the inability of the bone to restructure itself properly. It can be prevented with a healthy diet and constant exercise.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Paget’s disease of the bone
  • Cancer

Some identifiable causes of bone disease are poor nutrition, genetic factors, infections, and problems related to the rate of growth and rebuild of bones.

Bone Diseases List

In general, the medical conditions that affect the bones are referred to as bone disease. Another medical term used is osteopathy, but it might be confused with a practice of alternative health-care. Bone diseases include bone and cartilage disorders and osteochondrodysplasia, a general term for abnormal bone development.

Please find below a complete bone diseases list:

  • Avascular necrosis or Osteonecrosis
  • Bone spur (Osteophytes)
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Coffin-Lowry syndrome
  • Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva
  • Fibrous dysplasia
  • Fong Disease (or Nail-patella syndrome)
  • Fracture
  • Giant cell tumor of bone
  • Greenstick Fracture
  • Hypophosphatasia
  • Klippel-Feil syndrome
  • Metabolic Bone Disease
  • Nail-patella syndrome
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteitis deformans (or Paget’s disease of bone)
  • Osteitis fibrosa cystica (or Osteitis fibrosa, or Von Recklinghausen’s disease of the bone)
  • Osteitis pubis
  • Condensing osteitis (or Osteitis condensas)
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Osteochondroma (Bone Tumor)
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta
  • Osteomalacia
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Osteopenia
  • Osteopetrosis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Porotic hyperostosis
  • Primary hyperparathyroidism
  • Renal bone diseases (also called renal osteodystrophy)
  • Salter-Harris fractures

Nutrition, Physical Activity and Bone Health

To prevent or fight against metabolic bone disease, it is essential to ensure sufficient amount of the protein, minerals and vitamins needed to regenerate the bone. Minerals like calcium, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, and vitamins D, K and A play an important role in building strong bones.

Bone diseases like renal bone disease require specific treatment and nutrition care, namely the restriction of dietary phosphate. But in order to preserve bone health it is also imperative to be active and exercise regularly. It can slow down bone loss in older people.

Some general tips for maintaining good and healthy bones are:

  • Understand individual risk factors
  • Stay active
  • Keep a healthy weight
  • Eat regular wholesome meals
  • Get enough vitamins and minerals