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Pigmentation treatment

Pigmentation Treatment

Melanin is the substance in our body that is responsible for pigmentation and the color of the skin. The more melanin our skin produces, the darker the tone of the skin is. Deposits of melanin in the skin surface provide some sun protection, but too much exposure may trigger undesired changes in skin structure.  

Ideally, the skin has an even color, but certain medical conditions, injuries and environmental impact may induce alterations in skin pigmentation resulting in the appearance of lighter or darker skin tone variations. There are numerous skin pigmentation treatment techniques available, but besides addressing the skin defect itself, it is also advisable to examine if there is an underlying health problem that causes the abnormal pigmentation.

Pigmentation Treatment – Hyperpigmentation

Due to extended exposure to sun, certain medications (antibiotics and arrhythmia drugs), and during pregnancy our melanin production can increase, causing sporadic darker patches in the skin (also called melasma). Unfortunately hyperpigmentation can appear as a side-effect of laser skin resurfacing techniques and laser hair removal techniques. Additionally, aging may also imply a process of hardly reversible pigmentation.
Pigmentation treatment can involve the increased sunscreen protection of the area and avoiding sun exposure. There are countless over-the-counter and medical pigmentation treatment agents, which may help melasmas fade away. Most skin whitening substances unfold their effect by inhibiting the melanin synthesizing enzyme called tyrosane.

One of the standard prescription pigmentation treatments is hydroquinone, which can be complemented with tretinoin and corticosteroids to maximize the skin-lightening effect. Recently there has been some safety concerns about their use, so if you do not wish to risk, try other pigmentation treatment options recommended by your dermatologist.

Besides hydroquinone other widely-used agents are:Pigmentation_Small
- Phenolic antioxidant
- Arbutin
- Alpha hydroxiacids
- Vitamin C

Pigmentation Treatment – Hypopigmentation

When there is a reduced melanin production in your body, lighter skin tone will be visible at some areas. What is the underlying cause of the decline of normal pigmentation? Most commonly in some skin lesion such as burns, blisters and allergic reactions the skin suffers a kind of trauma and temporarily falls out of balance. Typically this kind of skin pigmentation change normalizes without the need for any skin pigmentation treatment.
Vitiligo is a much more serious autoimmune condition that causes whitish patches all over the body due to the body’s hostile immune response to the pigment producing cells. Although there is no absolute cure for the illness, topical pigmentation treatments that contain corticosteroid and UV light stimulation can lessen the visual setback of under-pigmentation.


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