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Psoriasis treatments

Psoriasis Treatments

Acute skin problems such as eczema, rosacea or acne, despite being incurable, hardly go beyond the level of a nuisance and turn into a life-threatening infection or inflammation. The same is true about psoriasis. On the other hand, in the flare-up periods they can get especially hard on patients, who have to accept their gloomy condition and learn to live with the disease on the long run. 

Psoriasis treatments seek to alleviate symptoms and elongate the periods of remission, but they cannot eliminate the illness altogether. In global terms 3% of the population turn to some form of the currently available treatments for psoriasis, and the good news is that many promising clinical trials are in progress.

Symptoms of Psoriasis

  • Red, inflamed patches on the skin
  • Irritated skin lesions that become scaly
  • Skin can dry to the extent that it cracks and bleeds
  • The patches become itchy, burning and painful
  • Some types of psoriasis may spread to the nails and joints as well, causing inflammation and swelling

Psoriasis Treatments

The causes of the illness are still not completely clear, but we know that it has a lot to do with an abnormal immune response, more precisely with the faulty activity of the T lymphocytes (white blood cells), which in this case attack healthy skin cells instead of bacteria and viruses.

Standard psoriasis treatments aim to interrupt the following abnormal immune response cycle:

  1. Increase in white blood cells
  2. Accelerated production of new skin cells 
  3. The new skin cells get to the surface too quickly
  4. The dead skin and the accumulated white blood cells cannot slough off fast enough and thus form thickened, sore, red patches on the skin

As the mechanism is still not fully understood, treatments for psoriasis are efficient for one patient, but do not work for others.

There is a general consensus that you should go from milder treatments for psoriasis, such as topical creams (corticosteroids, retinoids, vitamin D, salicylic acid) and phototherapy, to stronger, orally taken and injected medications such as immuno-supressants (methotrexate, cyclosporine), or immuno-modulators (biologics). Although treatment options abound, there is no 100% guarantee to their  efficiency.

To complement medication, you are highly recommended to experiment with natural skin remedies, such as aloe vera, Cayenne peppers and Dead Sea salts from Israel, which are attributed miraculous curative powers.

New Treatments for Psoriasis Are on the Horizons

We can expect great advances in the future from a new generation of biologics, which are lab-produced proteins and antibodies that are able to build into the patient’s immune system blocking the dysfunctional T cells. There is yet a lot of research ahead, but clinical trials show an average 75% of improvement in patients treated with biologics (Adalimumab, Etanercept, Infliximab are currently approved by FDA).