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 Ultrasound is one of the most widely-used medical imaging techniques, which allows doctors to visualize the inner tissues and workings of the body, setting up more accurate diagnosis and screening results. To interpret the images, you usually need a radiologist as not all doctors are trained to read ultrasound.

How Does Ultrasound Work?

Ultrasound uses special sound waves that are projected into the body with the help of a probe. Each type of tissue reflects or echoes back the sound waves in a different way. The reflections of the sound waves made by the organs are recorded as shadow images, which are then sent to a monitor.

During the examination a thick gel is applied on the skin to ensure the undisturbed conduction of the sound waves. A probe is shifted and repositioned several times over the area to be observed. The probe projects the sound and returns the echo signals to the monitor.

3D Ultrasound

3D ultrasound applies the above described technique, but it is mostly prevalent in pregnancy care, as an optional extra service. 3D ultrasound differs from the standard technique in that it projects a real 3D image of the baby, delineating the baby’s face with clarity and also certain otherwise undetectable birth defects.ultrasound_Small

4D Ultrasound

With 4D ultrasound you can get a moving image of the baby in action and the recording is copied on a CD that you can take home.
3D and 4D ultrasound images are more for the enjoyment of the parents than for standard diagnostic procedures.

Why Is Ultrasound Used?

- Ultrasound is used all over the word for assessing pregnancy and following the development of the fetus. Furthermore, it is useful in diagnosing a wide array of gynecological conditions (endometriosis, cysts, tumors).

- Ultrasound is often used to inspect the thyroid glands for abnormalities (growths, nodules).

- To detect and locate certain abdominal conditions, such as appendicitis and kidney stones.

- Blood vessels are also made visible by ultrasound to look for signs of deep venous thrombosis, artery blockage and aneurisms.

- In cardiology, ultrasound is used to inspect the functioning of the heart, the valves and the arteries.


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