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Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Special elements:

There is no clear medical consensus about the causes of inflammatory bowel disease, a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the inner lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Inflammatory bowel disease can appear at any age, but it is most often diagnosed between 20-30 years of age. It is a very stubborn condition that can cause serious complications such as ulcers, inner bleeding and malnutrition influencing the quality of life negatively. Inflammatory bowel disease treatment is usually limited to symptom management, as currently there is no known cure available. Inflammatory bowel diseases can be considered autoimmune diseases, which fall into two categories depending on the location and extension of the inflammation. The two variations of the same syndrome are:

Crohn’s Disease is a kind of inflammatory bowel disease that can appear in and reach deep layers of any part of the gastrointestinal tract. The illness can be at various locations simultaneously and can spread through the bowel wall.

Ulcerativecolitis is another form of the disease in which the inflammation only affects the colon and rectum in continuous areas and it is restricted to the epithelial lining of the bowels.

Symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain, cramps
  • Ulcers
  • Blood in the stool

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treatment

The chronic inflammation is responsible for most of the symptoms, so inflammatory bowel disease treatment primarily aims to fight off the inflammation. Treatment may also include direct symptom resolution, and in unresponsive inflammations, surgery.

  1. To relieve symptoms doctors recommend:
  • pain medicine
  • Imodium or laxatives
  • dietary vitamin and mineral supplements

             2. To reduce or weaken some bacteria and virus that can trigger the inflammatory immune response in some cases, antibiotics

              and immune-suppressants are prescribed.

             3. When it comes to addressing inflammation, steroids are the most effective way to control inflammatory bowel diseases.

             4. When inflamed sections do not respond to any inflammatory bowel disease treatment, surgery is an option to consider.

              In the procedure the inflamed part of the gastrointestinal tract is removed and then the healthy ends are reconnected.