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Kidney disease treatment

Chronic Kidney Disease Treatment

The kidney is a wonderful organ that keeps our body free from toxins and excess fluids. There are many conditions that can damage its essential filtering function and lead to chronic kidney disease or acute renal failure, but high blood pressure and diabetes can be blamed for most of the cases. What other impacts can call for medical kidney disease treatment?

  • Kidney stones and infections
  • Certain toxins and drugs (e.g.:  anti-inflammatory drugs)
  • Autoimmune disorders (e.g.: lupus)
  • Inflammation
  • Problems with the kidney’s artery
  • Polycystic kidney disease

Kidney disease refers to the condition when your kidneys suddenly or gradually lose their ability to remove wastes and fluids from your body, which may lead to a number of health problems. Chronic kidney disease is much more common than acute kidney failure, the former affecting around 2 people out of 1000 in the U.S. Chronic kidney disease symptoms may not appear in the early stages of the illness as the healthy nephrons, the kidney’s filtering units, to a certain extent are able to take over the role of damaged nephrons even for years. When experiencing the following signs kidney disease treatment must be administered immediately.

Kidney Disease Symptoms

  • Edema, swelling
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Abnormally frequent hiccups
  • Muscle cramps
  • Problems of concentration
  • Fatigue, headaches
  • Weight loss
  • Constant thirst

Chronic Kidney Disease Treatment

Treatment options depend on how early the treatment is started and on the pace your kidneys deteriorate. There is no cure for chronic kidney disease, but with life-long care and medical attention it can be controlled and reaching the end-stage can be prolonged.

Recommended life-style changes

  • Eliminate excess salt, phosphorous and potassium from your diet
  • Keep a diet low in protein
  • Take extra iron, calcium

Kidney disease treatment with medication can slow down the kidney damage, but cannot help much in end-stage renal disease.  As a general rule, lowering blood pressure improves the condition of the kidneys, so as a starting point, blood pressure drugs such as ACE inhibitors or AR blockers are prescribed. Further drugs may include phosphate binders and vitamin and mineral complements.

Dialysis is a kidney disease treatment option offered for patients with severely damaged kidneys. It basically involves replacing the filtering function of the kidneys artificially and clean the blood regularly (mostly weekly) from toxins and fluids that build up in the body. 

Kidney transplant is quite a frequently performed transplant procedure to replace fatally damaged, or non-functioning kidneys with a healthy kidney that may come from a live of deceased donor.