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How To Treat Kidney Stones?

Have you ever suffered the torments of kidney stones? Those who have surely remember the characteristic symptoms that accompany kidney stones till they pass. If you experience any of these symptoms, do not hesitate to see your family doctor or the emergency unit:

  • Severe pain that can change location in the lower abdomen and back
  • Painful, urging and frequent urination
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Fever
  • Blood in the urine

Kidney stones can form due to hereditary factors, but lifestyle may also contribute to their development. Not drinking enough water to dilute the minerals, salts and other substances found in the urine is the primary cause of kidney stones.

After the diagnosis and the right kidney stones treatment administered, once they have passed, it is advisable to have all kidney stones analyzed to learn about the possible causes and to be able to take preventive steps.

The occurrence rates of kidney stones categorized according to its basic component:

    Chemical  Component

Occurrence

Calcium oxalate monohydrate

39.5%

Magnesium ammonium phosphate

23.3%

Calcium oxalate dihydrate

 20.6%

Uric acid

15.1%

Cystine

1.2%

Calcium phosphate

0.1%

Calcium hydrogen phosphate

0.1%

How To Treat Kidney Stones?

Treatment for kidney stones depends on the location, the number and the size of the kidney stones.

  • If you have smaller stones, pain relief and an increased amount of fluid intake will suffice to make them pass. Certain prescription medicine such as alpha-blockers can also be of help in prolonged cases.
  • About 10% of kidney stones are too big to get out, or they get stuck somewhere in the urinary tract. Doctors first try to avoid open surgery and apply a non-invasive method called wave lithotripsy, which includes targeted shock waves to break up the kidney stones so that they can pass in smaller fragments.
  • If the shock treatment does not improve the condition, surgical kidney stones treatment is imperative. What are the options?
  1. When the stone is near the kidney, through a small incision it is possible to remove the stone with a special tube.
  2. If the kidney stone gets stuck in the lower parts of the urinary tract, it can be removed with an uretheroscope (a special flexible tube equipped with a camera and medical instruments inserted through the ureter).
  3. Only on very rare occasions is nephrolithotomy (open kidney surgery) needed. 

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