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Neurology – Diagnostics and Treatment

Neurology, the study of the nerves, is a medical specialty involving the central and the peripheral nervous systems as well. Neurologists give opinion in psychiatry affairs, disorders of the nervous system, diagnose and treat a number of neurologic conditions and injuries.

neurology Brain neurons

Neurologists also treat tissues that surround the nervous system, including coverings, blood vessels, and muscle tissue.

The central nervous system serves as a bridge; it is the essential channel of communication that coordinates the body. A disruption of the brain or spinal column or their injuries might damage as basic body functions as:

  • muscle function
  • reasoning
  • speaking
  • eating
  • seeing
  • hearing
  • basic cognitive processes

Common Disorders and Conditions

The most common neurological conditions treated in a neurology center are:

  • Dementia
  • Movement disorders
  • Epilepsy (brain seizure disorder), Cerebral Palsy disruption common during birth
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Sleep disorders
  • Chronic pain management
  • Lumbar punctures
  • Stroke
  • Sciatica
  • Meningitis
  • Spinal disc herniation
  • Cervical spinal stenosis
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis
  • Head trauma
  • Brain hemorrhages
  • Skull fractures
  • Spinal cord trauma
  • Traumatic injuries of peripheral nerves
  • Infections
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Tumors of the spine, spinal cord and peripheral nerves
  • Drug-resistant epilepsy
  • Advanced Parkinson’s disease
  • Intractable pain of cancer or trauma patients and cranial/peripheral nerve pain
  • Some forms of intractable psychiatric disorders
  • Vascular malformations
  • Shingles
  • Neuromuscular disease.
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Headaches and Migraines

Neurologists Training

  • Physician degree
  • Specializing in neurology and trained to:
    • Investigate (basic research and translational research)
    • Diagnose
    • Treat neurological disorders
    • Clinical research
    • Clinical trials

Neurosurgery corresponds to surgical specialty equivalent to the Fellowships in the U.S.A. A neurosurgeon must complete between 1 and 2 years of specialization in a brain surgery. Two of the biggest mainstream specializations are:

Neurosurgeons are officially recognized by associations of neurological surgeons:

  • The Royal College of Physicians
  • Surgeons of Canada

Other organizations and neurology centers who grant the academic title and distinctions are:


Neurosurgery (or neurological surgery) is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of disorders of:

  • Brain
  • Spinal cord
  • Peripheral nerves
  • Extra-cranial cerebrovascular system

neurology mri brain

Procedures: Neurological Diagnostics

Some of the most common screening tests:

  • Neurological examinations: help determine function and status of:
    • Speech
    • Balance
    • Coordination
    • Reflexes
    • Mental status
    • Tumors or infections (meningitis or encephalitis)
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Cerebral angiogram: to pinpoint obstruction of arteries and blood vessels, size and location of aneurysms.
  • Brain scans
    • Magnetic resonance imaging
    • Computed tomography (CT)
    • Positron emission tomography (PET).
  • Electroencephalography or EEG.
  • Electromyography or EMG.

Medical tourism and Neurology Center Abroad

Medical travelers experiencing neurological, especially brain or spinal cord issues find India a particularly affordable and satisfying destination. In terms of costs, you might spend an average of $300 for MRI, and a CT scan will cost you about $250. In Mexico, the scanning and CT costs do not differ much, both are around $600.


List of Neurological Procedures