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Brain Tumor

Brain Tumor Treatment in the 21th Century

 A brain tumor, benign or malignant, is the proliferation of abnormal cells in the brain and spinal cavity, due to a mutation in normal cell DNA. The cause of abnormal cell growth is still unknown, but luckily more and more information we have about the condition itself, making the treatment more efficient.

Although a threatening condition, a brain tumor is not always fatal, especially if treated from an initial phase. Patients should not despair, true, in the past prognosis for brain tumor patients was quite poor, nowadays with proper treatment and lifestyle changes there is quite a high chance of recovery.

What Are The Symptoms of Brain Tumor?

The faulty cell division can initiate in the brain itself or evolve elsewhere and spread to the brain (called metastatic tumor).

  • Frequent and severe headaches
  • Fatigue and tremors
  • Balance problems, dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Problems of vision, blurred or reduced vision
  • Hearing problems
  • Weakness and gradual loss of sensation in legs or arms
  • Confused behavior, personality changes
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Facial paralysis
  • Seizures

Increased Risk Factors

  • Age is a risk factor, although some types of brain tumors are found only in children.
  • Brain tumor occurs more often in whites.
  • Exposure to ionizing radiation
  • Hereditary factors


Diagnostic Procedures

  • By neurological exams of hearing, vision, balance and reflexes help to locate the tumor.
  • MRI and MRS
  • CT
  • Biopsy

It can be done with a so called stereotactic needle in sensitive areas or by surgical means. Taking a sample is the most reliable way to decide whether the tumor is cancerous or benign.

Brain Tumor Treatment

The type of treatment depends on the size and position of the tumor and also whether it only affects the brain or if it is metastatic.

Metastatic brain tumors are much more common, which means that the tumor develops elsewhere (breast, kidney, lung) and then spreads to the brain.

Surgical Treatment

Depending on the location of the brain tumor, it can be partially or fully removed by surgery. If it is well-separated form brain tissue or does not affect very sensitive areas, the patient has very good chance to recover. Even if the tumor is just partially removed, it can reduce symptoms and improve the quality of life. Risks: brain damage, infection, bleeding.

Drug therapy

Targeted medical treatment of the tumor analyses the nature of abnormality the cancerous cells show and tries to stop the mutation and kill the faulty cells.

Radiation therapy

It can be an externally or internally (within your body) placed source of X-ray or proton radiation that is targeted on the brain tumor. The dose and type of radiation depends on the tumor. In case of secondary, metastatic tumors it is common to radiate the whole brain. Side-effects: headaches, exhaustion, sensitivity of the affected area.

Radiosurery (Gamma Knife Therapy or proton beam therapy)

It comprises of exposing the tumor cells only to a concentrated, focused beam of radiation. It is a one-off treatment like a surgery and done with outpatient service. 


It is basically an oral or intravenous drug therapy. Many chemotherapy drugs are available, the specialist will adjust it to the type of tumor the patient has. Sometimes chemotherapy accompanies traditional tumor removal surgeries. Some unpleasant side-effects are hair-loss and vomiting.

If affected areas impede the ability of speech, movement or other cognitive processes, rehabilitation is always part of the brain tumor treatment.


What Are The Best Brain Tumor Treatment Centers Like?

  • They provide an interdisciplinary cooperation of specialists.
  • Always try to integrate the latest technologies and drugs in their standard practices.
  • Apply minimally-invasive procedures where possible.
  • Offer facilities for proton beam therapy.
  • Conduct scientific investigation programmes.
  • Provide individualized care.
  • Give relevant and informative education to patients about their conditions.
  • Have a platform and provide procedures for international patients.
  • For comprehensive care they have the following specialists on site:
    • Oncologist
    • Radiation oncologist
    • Neuro-oncologist
    • Neurologist
    • Surgeons