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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis Treatment

multiple sclerosis explanationMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the center of the nervous system. It is an irregular response of the immune system aimed against the central nervous system; the brain, the optic nerves and the spinal cord. More specifically, multiple sclerosis occurs when the immune system attacks the myelin within the central nervous system. Myelin (fatty substances and proteins) wraps most of the axons in the central nervous system, it insulates the axon like some sort of coating. Neurons allow us to think, see, hear and move. Each neuron is made of a cell body and an axon; these axons are wrapped in myelin.

In multiple sclerosis, the abnormal immune system destroys or damages the myelin; the exact antigen is unknown, the damaged myelin forms sclerosis (scar tissue), which gives the diseases its name. The damaged myelin causes the nerve impulses going to and from the brain and spinal cord to interrupt and /or distort vital functions.

Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms

Disrupted nerve signals cause the symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). The symptoms vary from one person to another, some people may experience only a couple of symptoms, while others may experience many more. Common symptoms are;

  • Fatigue
  • Walking disabilities
  • Spasticity
  • Dizziness
  • Bladder problems
  • Tingling
  • Numbness
  • Bowel problems
  • Vision problems
  • Depression
  • Vertigo
  • Pain – in the face or a sensation of burning and aching, like an electric shock

Less common symptoms are:

  • Swallowing problems
  • Speech problems
  • Breathing problems
  • Seizures

Multiple Sclerosis diagnosis

Up till today, there are no specific tests that can detect if a person has multiple sclerosis. There are several actions taken to determine if a person has in fact multiple sclerosis, ruling out other disease causing the symptoms the person is experiencing. The strategies of determining multiple sclerosis include; MRI, a neurologic exam, a spinal fluid analysis, setting up a medical history of the person (for e.g. asking questions about the person’s disabilities or injuries), evoked potential tests which checks the activity of the brain.

The physician has to find evidence of at least two separate areas of the central nervous system and also find evidence that the damage happened at least one month apart. The physician should rule out all other possibilities of diseases. Emotional and mental tests are also conducted, as well as coordination, balance and a vision test. There is no blood test which can point out that a person has multiple sclerosis, therefore the diagnostic procedures have to be carefully examined in a well-reputed hospital with professional doctors.

Treatment for Multiple Sclerosis

Treating multiple sclerosis requires a comprehensive approach and involves the expertise of many professionals. The neurologist is responsible for the diagnosis and the treatment of the patient. The disease is not curable but can be slowed down and improve the function of the patients. Multiple sclerosis is controlled with medications and rehabilitation strategies. Some patients experience attacks (exacerbations); an attack is defined when it lasts for twenty four hours and is separate from the last attack by a month. The neurosurgeon may offer an intensive medical treatment for those attacks. The FDA has approved ten agents which reduce disease activity.

Multiple Sclerosis Abroad

Multiple Sclerosis abroad is diagnosed in top-notch hospitals with the most advanced testing methods and imaging facilities. In the treatment phase, a multidisciplinary team of neurologists and therapists decide on the type of medication and rehabilitation strategies to manage relapses. People who suffer from MS should go to a medical institution with doctors who demonstrate knowledge and have experience in this disease.

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