Go to Top



Hysterectomy is a gynecological surgery that removes one or more of the female reproductive organs (the uterus, the cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes) out of medical necessity. There are various types of hysterectomy depending on the removed organs, but in any case the patient will not be able to get pregnant and bear children after the surgery.

Hysterectomy can be:

  • Partial hysterectomy – Only the uterus is removed and the surrounding areas are saved, including the cervix. It may keep normal sensation during sexual intercourse.
  • Total hysterectomy –  It is the most commonly performed hysterectomy in which the uterus and the cervix are removed, but the ovaries remain and continue hormone secretion.
  • Radical hyserctomy – When women have advanced cervical or endometrial cancer the uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes and the lymph nodes are removed. After the surgery the onset of menopause is immediate because of the lack of estrogen the ovaries produce.

Why is Hysterectomy Done?

Most hysterectomy patients are between forty and sixty who already have children. The most common reasons to perform hysterectomy are:

  • Fibroid tumors (they are benign conditions but cause severe pain and heavy menstruation)
  • Endometriosis
  • Cervical cancer, cancer of the ovaries or uterus 
  • Prolapsed uterus
  • Unexplained heavy vaginal bleeding

Reason for Hysterectomy


Fibroid   tumor




Heavy   vaginal bleeding


Cervical   cancer, cancer in the ovaries/uterus


Prolapsed   uterus


The Hysterectomy Surgery Procedure

A thorough medical check-up and lab tests are done before any kind of hysterectomy is performed.

There are various methods for hysterectomy, depending on the channel and the way the organs are removed.

Around three thirds of hysterectomy procedures are done through a vertical or horizontal incision in the abdomen, and the uterus is removed after the blood flow, ligaments and the fallopian tubes are detached from the uterus. The disadvantage of the abdominal hysterectomy is the long recovery period, scarring and the accompanying pain.

Vaginal hysterectomy, on the contrary, does not imply permanent scarring and it is less painful. The small incision is made near the top of the vagina and the same removal procedure is done through the vagina. The advantage of vaginal hysterectomy is the faster recovery time (4 weeks).

A type of vaginal surgery is laparoscopic hysterectomy, in which a tiny camera, light source and the necessary instruments are inserted into the abdomen through a tiny incision made in the lower abdomen. On a monitor the doctor can follow the procedure of closing blood vessels, cutting ligaments and when it is done, the organs are removed through the cut near the vagina.

The newest technique is robotic hysterectomy, which is a great solution when a woman has narrow vaginal opening and a minimally-invasive method would be preferable. It uses the same laparoscopic instruments, however in this case, the doctor controls the tools with the help of a computer, which makes the movements totally calculated and precise. In case of robotic hysterectomy hospital stay is reduced to one day, and the recovery time to two weeks.

Consider Hysterectomy Abroad

Hysterectomy is a major and quite a pricy procedure in developed countries. In the U.S., depending on the location, the facility and the technique, it may cost an average $6,000-$15,000. Hysterectomy abroad may be a good option for you if you can program a 4-5 week long stay in the country of your choice to return home fully recovered. The above described techniques, well-qualified doctors and top facilities are available all over the world, but obviously lower-cost countries can offer much more attractive packages.