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Bladder Cancer Treatment

Bladder Cancer Treatment

 When diagnosed in an early stage, bladder cancer treatment shows very high success rates, however, in this type of cancer recurrence rates are also significant. The bladder is a muscular organ located in the pelvis, whose function is to store urine. Studies have concluded that the bladder is one of the most responsive organs to the exposure of detoxification enzymes like broccoli sprout extract and sulforafane (found in broccoli, cabbages, Brussel sprouts), which stimulates cancer cell death. This information might also be suggestive about bladder cancer prevention. 

How Does Bladder Cancer Begin?

The abnormal proliferation of mutated cells almost always starts from the inner lining of the bladder (so called epithelial lining), that is why it is also called urothelial cell carcinoma. Smoking has been proven to be a clear risk factor, and another important finding indicates that limited water consumption might also lead to bladder cancer. 

Other risk factors:

  • Age
  • Exposure to certain chemicals like dye and paint products
  • Certain diabetes drugs (pioglitazone)
  • Chronic urinary infections


What Are The Signs Of Baldder Cancer?

  • Hematuria (visible or invisible blood in the      urine)
  • Frequent and painful      urination
  • Pain in the pelvis      area

Diagnosis And Bladder Cancer Treatment

Potential bladder cancer patients are usually referred to either a urologist or oncologist. There are various methods that can identify bladder cancer with certainty:

  • Cytoscopy 

Under local anaesthetics a thin, flexible tube is inserted into the bladder through the urethra. The tube has a small light and a camera and can contain additional tools. With this method it is possible to make observations of the surface of the bladder and to take biopsy for further analysis. This resection can be applied to collect cell samples and also for bladder cancer treatment. 

  • By means of cytoscopy, urine cytoscopy can      also be carried out, which means taking urine sample from the      bladder. 
  • Intravenous Pyelogram X-ray uses a special dye      to make your bladder and kidneys visible.
  • CT
  • MRI and bone scan serve to identify what stage      of cancer the patient is at.


  1. The cancer only shows on the bladder lining.
  2. Cancer appears in the bladder wall.
  3. Cancer spreads to surrounding organs like      prostate in man and uterus in women.
  4. Cancer has reached the lymph nodes and other      distant organs.

Bladder Cancer Treatment

  • Bladder cancer surgery

If the illness is diagnosed in Stage I., surgical removal of the cancer is the safest and fastest option. Surgical bladder tumor removal is often done with the help of a cytoscopic tool and a loop that uses laser or electric current to burn the cancer cells.

If the cancer appears in only a limited portion of the bladder, that section can be removed if it does not damage bladder functions (segmental cystectomy). It unavoidably reduces bladder size, so as a side effect causes frequent and painful urination. 

In Stage II-III., a more drastic bladder cancer surgery becomes necessary, called radical cystectomy. In case of advanced cancer the removal of the whole bladder, its lymph nodes and surrounding organs is recommended to avoid metastasis. Another important step of this surgery is to create a new bladder-like reservoir and tract for the urine to leave the body. A common practice is to use a section of the intestines to form a bladder (neobladder) and a tube to lead the urine out of your body, usually at the abdomen. Then a catheter is applied to drain the urine at intervals. 

The best option is to attach the neobladder to the urethra to imitate normal urine expel.

  • Chemotherapy

A combined drug therapy that is either conducted directly into the bladder or given intravenously. Chemotherapy along with radiotherapy is often administered as a complementary treatment before or after bladder cancer surgery.