Go to Top

Osteoporosis treatment

Osteoporosis Treatment

 Children fall, stand up and run away without a second thought. Over a certain age, however, falling becomes far more shaky and traumatic, in extreme cases it can even lead to permanent injuries or death.

Healthy bones are strong enough to support our whole body and withstand physical environmental impact such as falls. Unfortunately, over the years your bones loose the calcium and other minerals that make it dense and resistant, turning your skeletal frame porous and fragile.

The phenomenon of decreased bone density in medical term is referred to as osteoporosis, which is registered to be the most common bone disease worldwide. Osteoporosis treatment options abound, but medication or osteoporosis surgery in itself is never suffice to cure the problem; without an active lifestyle and nutritious diet do not expect considerable improvement in the condition.

When Do You Need Osteoporosis Treatment?

The weakening of the bones (osteopenia) can start early and people may not even realize the problem until they suffer a sudden bone fracture. Osteoporosis treatment is often started only after a traumatic injury, when the condition has already had the chance to advance. After the age of 50 women are recommended to get their bone density tested regularly, as during menopause hormonal changes accelerate the loss of bone tissue and slows down bone rebuild.

Osteoporosis Treatment Options


There are various types of osteoporosis treatment available depending on the severity of the condition and the patient’s willingness to carry out lifestyle changes.

  1. Osteoporosis Treatment with Lifestyle Changes

Regular physical activity is a key factor in maintaining bone health. Try to avoid high-impact sports, opt for tai chi, yoga, stretching, walking, light-weight activities or dancing. Not only do they keep your bones strong, but they also act as mood-boosters and rev up your metabolism.

As for your nutrition plan, calcium-rich and calcium-fortified foods and vitamin D should get a priority in your diet such as:

  • Low-fat dairy and calcium-enriched soy products
  • Green leafy vegetables, broccoli and kale
  • Fish, canned and fresh
  • Eggs
  • Take calcium and vitamin D in dietary supplements if your doctor also agrees about its necessity.

Recommended daily calcium intake:

Children   1-3 years

700 mg

Children   9-18 years

1,300   mg

Men   /Women 19-50 years

1,000   mg

Pregnant/Lactating   women

1,300   mg

Men/Women   over 50

1,200   mg

Quit smoking and moderate your alcohol consumption as they can accelerate the rate of bone loss.

             2. Medical Osteoporosis Treatment

There are many products that can control or even prevent osteoporosis. In menopausal women estrogen drugs can considerably improve the condition, or a family of medicines called bisphosphonates is also used with success.

Further widely-used medication and injections involve:

  • Fosamax
  • Boniva
  • Calcimar
  • Evista
  • Fortical
  • Actonel
  • Binosto
  • Forteo (injection)
  • Prolia (injection)

             3. Osteoporosis Surgery

Advanced osteoporosis can lead to progressively developing deformities in the spine (kyphosis or dowager’s hump), or sudden collapses in the spinal structure called compression fracture. Another very common bone-density-related injury is hip fracture, which condition makes osteoporosis surgery treatment essential. Osteoporosis surgery obviously does not improve bone density but can repair and fortify especially fragile or damaged areas to prevent a permanent loss of motion.  In case of spinal injuries, osteoporosis surgery treatment implies vertebroplasty, in which a fortifying material called bone cement is injected into the vertebrae. Broken hip bones can also be repaired or if severely damaged, replaced with prosthesis.