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Spine deformation treatments

Spine Deformation Treatments

 Under normal circumstances, when observed from the front, the adult spine is straight, and when viewed from the side, it has a series of curves. This structure helps the body to stay erect with minimum effort. However, unusual curves in the spine, also called spinal deformities, often develop in adolescence, with  aging or due to lifestyle factors.

There are a number of diseases affecting the vertebral column, backbone or spine, which in medical terms are called dorsopathies.Spine-deformation-treatments_Small

Below you can find a complete list of spinal diseases:

  • Deforming dorsopathies:
    • Spinal curvature:

▪       Kyphosis

▪       Lordosis

▪       Scoliosis

▪       Scheuermann’s disease

▪       Torticollis

  • Spondylopathy:
    • Inflammatory

▪       Spondylitis (Ankylosing spondylitis)

▪       Sacroiliitis

▪       Discitis

▪       Spondylodiscitis

▪       Pott disease

  • Noninflammatory

▪       Spondylosis

▪       Spondylolysis

▪       Spondylolisthesis

▪       Spinal stenosis

▪       Facet syndrome

  • Back pain
    • Neck pain
    • Upper back pain
    • Low back pain

▪       Coccydynia

▪       Sciatica

  • Radiculopathy
  • Intervertebral disc disorder:
    • Schmorl’s nodes
    • Degenerative disc disease
    • Spinal disc herniation

Congenital malformation and deformations of the musculoskeletal system, in particular those affecting the spine, include:

  • Spinal curvature or scoliosis
  • Klippel–Feil syndrome
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spina bifida occulta
  • Sacralization

Spine Deformations

In this article we will focus on the various diagnostic and treatment options for deforming dorsopathies. In general terms, all spinal deformities are a combination of scoliosis, kyphosis and lordosis.

Scoliosis – a frontal spine deformity in which the normal alignment of the spine and the ribs are affected. It mostly occurs during childhood, sometimes the cause remains unknown, although in most cases a congenital disease is in the background.

Kyphosis – a condition in which the upper spine curves forward, creating the appearance of a hump, which stems from:

  • Years of bad posture
  • Spine fractures
  • Osteoporosis
  • Trauma
  • Developmental problems

Lordosis – a spinal deformity (also known as swayback) which occurs when the lower back curves are abnormally pronounced. It can be caused by:

  • Osteoporosis
  • Spondylolisthesis (slippage of the vertebrae)
  • Obesity
  • Congenital disorders
  • Overcompensation for kyphosis

In some cases, curves progress in adulthood and create abnormal strains and loads on the spine, which lead to degeneration of the structures of the spine, cosmetic problems, and pain. Even breathing and heart functions may be affected.

Spine Deformations – Treatment

Spinal deformities can be diagnosed through physical examination, X-rays of the torso, pulmonary function tests and MRI scans.

In spine deformation treatments are often unnecessary, especially when they affect adults. When the deformity progresses persistently, accompanied by chronic pain, surgical interventions are regarded the most efficient solution.

Spine surgery involves the mechanical stabilization of the spine: doctors in a spine fusion procedure make use of hooks, rods and screws to fix the spine: bones taken from other parts of the body are implanted to prevent the progression of the abnormal curve. During these surgical procedures, the removal of intervertebral discs, spinal muscles, vertebrae, ribs and tissue is often necessary.

During post-treatments, when bone growth is stimulated with morphogenic proteins, results are usually excellent.

For the youngsters, spinal deformation treatments are preferably done by non-surgical means, such as medication, physical therapy and braces, because their bones are still very flexible and responsive. Spine-deformation-treatments_Big