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Thyroid disorder treatments

Thyroid Disorder Treatments

  The thyroid gland is located in the lower front part of the neck around the windpipe. It produces the so called thyroid hormones, which are responsible for controlling a good range of metabolic functions. When the structure of the gland or its functions are disrupted, it can trigger numerous complications regarding weight control and general well-being. The thyroid is regulated by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, so thyroid problems can clearly derive from these areas as well. Thyroid disorder treatments aim to maintain the balance of this fragile hormonal system, be it with medication or surgery.

The Most Common Thyroid Disorders

  • Thyroiditis (acute or autoimmune) – the inflammation of the thyroid gland
  • Hyperthyroidism – the overproduction of thyroid hormones, signaled by  weight loss, nervousness, heart palpitations and excessive sweating
  • Hypothyroidism – the underproduction of thyroid hormones, resulting in fatigue, weight gain, depression and dry skin
  • Thyroid cancerThyroid-disorder-treatments_Small
  • Goiter – the enlargement of the thyroid gland
  • Thyroid nodules – they are abnormal growths within the thyroid that can be cystic or tumorous

Thyroid Disorder Treatments

Thyroid disorder treatments can be medical, hormonal and surgical solutions, depending on the type of the condition and the severity of the illness.

Medication mainly targets symptom management, but a more sustainable solution is replacing the missing thyroid hormones in case of hypothyroidism and block their production in hyperthyroid patients.

Thyroid disorders treatment for hyperthyroidism

  • Beta blockers reduce symptoms like heart palpitations and high blood pressure.
  • Anti-thyroid medications such as methimazole block the thyroid glands from producing hormones excessively.
  • Radioactive iodine is administered in form of pills also helps to slow down thyroid activity.

Thyroid disorders treatment for hypothyroidism

Levothyroxine, a synthetic thyroid hormone can replace the missing hormone and lessen most of the adverse symptoms. Unfortunately, usually a life-long medical treatment is necessary to maintain ideal hormonal levels.

Thyroid Surgery

Surgery is a common procedure to remove goiter, nodules or when the patient shows signs of thyroid cancer to take biopsy or remove cancerous tissue. In some occasions, the gland must be removed entirely. In this event, treatment involves, similarly to hypothyroidism, synthetic hormone replacement.

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