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Children’s Health and What You Should Know About Pediatrics

 Children health can be described in physiologic, mental, psychological and in social terms, which factors pediatrics should always integrate into its practices. As a child’s well-being is a complex question, pediatrics has to function in unison with nutritionists, psychologists, sociologists, geneticists, social workers and educators not only to cure but also to prevent child and adolescent diseases.


Pediatrics is one of the youngest branches of medicine, till the mid-19the century medicine made no distinction between treating adult and child patients. This branch of medicine aims to heal children from birth till the age of 18 who have injuries, infections, genetic or organ diseases. On the other hand, child physicians have to deal with social-behavioral problems, as well as mental and developmental disorders of underage patients.

What is a Pediatrician?

In many countries a pediatrician is a general practitioner who specializes in infants, children and adolescents. Devotion and patience is a must for practitioners who wish to heal minors, as they are not so conscious and articulate about their symptoms and their reactions can be difficult to manage. A pediatric surgeon has to be prepared to address not just the child’s but also the parents’ psycho-social needs.

The number of children’s hospitals has multiplied in the last few decades with the separation of pediatric medical and surgical practices from adult medicine. In these institutions there are pediatric health care professionals supporting the work of pediatric surgeons with children who have to face illness, pain and disabilities and preparing them for treatments and pediatric surgery.

The Major Regulatory Bodies of Pediatrics

  • American Academy of Pediatrics
  • American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics
  • European Pediatric Surgeons Association
  • Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health
  • Centre on Media and Child Health (focuses on the influence of media children’s mental and physical health)

Pediatric Surgery: Why Children Need Special Care?

Specialized pediatric surgery is usually performed in children’s hospitals by a pediatric surgeon who is certified to treat fetuses, neonates, infants and adolescents. This surgical subspecialty did not exist until the mid-20th century when the surgical treatment of birth defects emerged as an ambitious and most successful field.

The Most Common Conditions that Require Pediatric Surgery

  • Birth defects, like cleft lip and palate
  • Imperforate anus
  • Undescended testes
  • Hernias
  • Intestinal atresia
  • Sunken chest
  • Tumors
  • Serious injuries after accidents
  • Heart and kidney transplants
  • Endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures

What is a Pediatric Surgeon?

It is a medical doctor who after medical school completed training in general surgery and received further training in pediatric surgery. A certification from a professional board is also a prerequisite to practice. They are trained in the unique needs of children, so that they will be able to ease up children’s tension and make them cooperate.

pediatrics mother and baby with pediatrician

Legal implications of a pediatric surgery

Legally speaking child patients are not decision makers, so the legal responsibility and guardianship is always established before any procedure is performed.

How to Maintain Children’s Health?

  • Parents instinctively read their children when it comes to their physical and mental health, still being well-informed can save you some sleepless nights.
  • Take your child to regular checkups and lab tests to prevent problems and to make sure that the child’s development is ideal.
  • Control your child’s weight and eating habits.
  • Make sure they sleep at least 9 hours a day at always the same time.
  • Screen the skin regularly for infections, rashes, signs of allergy, parasites, and abnormal birth marks.
  • Check excrements regularly.
  • Ensure opportunity to do daily physical exercise.
  • Dental hygiene is essential, make the child understand it.
  • If you experience any speech or language problems, turn to a specialist as soon as possible.
  • Childhood immunization is a joint parent and doctor responsibility. Get informed!
  • Keep in mind the importance of sexual hygiene and education in case of adolescents.

Check out the complete list of pediatrics subspecialties

List of Pediatric's specialties and procedures abroad