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Pediatric cardiology

Pediatric Cardiology

 The medical specialty that deals with cardiac diseases in children is called pediatric cardiology. Pediatricians specialized in cardiology treat abnormalities of the heart and the circulatory system, furthermore they treat congenital diseases (present at birth) and heart defects in very early stages of life.

Thanks to modern advances in medical research, evaluation and treatment can already be commenced with the fetus and some heart diseases can be detected and operated before birth.

Pediatric cardiology is also involved in heart catheterizations, a procedure in which a small tube is used to monitor the performance of the heart and remove blockages. Another common activity of pediatric cardiologists is to conduct research projects on heart diseases and disorders involving blood circulation. Senior doctors in pediatric cardiology on many occasions educate students and doctors on heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmia), blood circulation problems and other heart diseases in babies and children.

When is comes to surgery, pediatric cardiologists work along with other specialists, for instance heart surgeons and regular pediatricians.

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Common causes for a referral to the pediatric cardiologist include

  • Heart murmurs
  • Chest pain
  • Dizzy spells
  • Palpitations

In the first line of cardiac procedures a pediatric cardiologist may perform:

Many catheterization techniques allow as good results as cardiac surgery, and offer a great deal of advantages since there is no need to stop the heart from beating and using extra-corporal blood circulation. Some other benefits of catheterization procedures in pediatric cardiology include reduced surgical scars, reduced stress and faster recovery time.

Children with cardiac problems require periodic evaluation.

Among the heart problems and diseases that pediatric cardiology can treat we find:

  • Atrial septal defects
  • Congenital valve problems
  • Arrhythmia
  • Bradycardia
  • Congenital heart diseases
  • Ebstein’s anomaly
  • Eisenmenger’s syndrome
  • Heart transplant
  • Heart valve malfunction
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
  • Mitral valve disease
  • Mitral valve regurgitation
  • Mitral valve stenosis
  • Myocarditis
  • Patent ductus arteriosus
  • Pulmonary atresia
  • Pulmonary valve disease
  • Pulmonary regurgitation
  • Pulmonary stenosis
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Ventricular septal defects
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Innocent heart murmurs
  • Kawasaki’s disease
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Tchycardia
  • Tricuspid atresia
  • Tricuspid valve disease
  • Tricuspid valve regurgitation
  • Tricuspid valve stenosis
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

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