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Pediatric Oncology

Pediatric Oncology

 Also known as pediatric cancer management, pediatric oncology is the branch of medicine concerned with diagnosis and treatment of cancer in children and teens.

Children are different from adults – their bodies have unique structures and needs, and also a different way to manifest pain and to express concern. For children it is difficult to answer to the doctor’s questions and not all medical specialists are patient and cooperative.

That is why pediatric oncology requires a very unique kind of person, somebody who cares to examine and treat children and teens in a way that puts them at ease. Pediatric oncology works in close collaboration with pediatric surgeons and other pediatric specialists.

Pediatric oncology diagnoses, treats and manages children and teens with a number of disorders and diseases. Among the types of treatments that pediatric oncologists provide we find:


  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Hepatoblastoma
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Teratomas
  • Adrenal tumors
  • Ovarian tumors
  • Testicular tumors.
  • Brain tumor and central nervous system tumor
    • Astrocytoma
    • Brain stem glioma
    • Craniopharyngioma
    • Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma
    • Ependymoma
    • High-grade glioma
    • Medulloblastoma
    • Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor
  • Bone tumor
  • Solid tumor
  • Blood cells disorders
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Bone marrow failure
  • Congenital immune deficiencies

Among the less common childhood cancer types, we find:

  • Neuroblastoma
  • Wilms tumor
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Ewing sarcoma
  • Germ cell tumors
  • Pleuropulmonary blastoma
  • Hepatoblastoma
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma

Causes for child cancer are mostly unknown. In general, as in carcinogenesis, cancer involves due to multiple risk factors and variables. Among the risk factors of pediatric cancer we find:

  • Exposures to environmental hazards
  • Immature physiological systems to metabolize or clear environmental substances


Pediatric Oncology Surgery

Among the typical options for pediatric oncology treatment we find chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery.

Pediatric oncology surgery refers to a number of surgical procedures including resection of large tumors and placement of central intravenous catheters. The latter is a relatively new field with rapidly evolving prospects.

Surgery plays a critical role in cancer treatment. The surgical teams create comprehensive, long-term treatment plans for every child. Along with pediatric oncologists, surgeons assess every child’s needs and develop cohesive and integrated approaches.

Other procedures performed by pediatric oncology surgery teams include:

  • Biopsy
  • Vascular access procedures for long-term chemotherapy

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