Go to Top

Gynecomastia Surgery

Gynecomastia Surgery

Gynecomastia is the abnormal growth of breast tissue in men, which is not always related to excess body fat, but rather the imbalances of androgen and estrogen hormones. The condition is primarily triggered by hormone treatments, anabolic steroid use, exposure to radiation and thyroid overproduction, but in puberty over 50% of boys develop this condition due to natural hormonal changes. As a general rule, endocrine disorders are a delicate and complex matter to diagnose and treat.

Gynecomastia treatment cannot be commenced before a thorough examination to identify the underlying condition. Necessary tests include:

  • Mammogram
  • Kidney and liver functions tests
  • Blood test and hormone level check
  • Ultrasound examination of the breasts

If the cause is found, medical and hormonal gynecomastia treatment can be administered to stop the tissue growth. If the condition, however, persists and results in asymmetrical and extreme enlargement, to lessen the psychological impact, gynecomastia surgery can be an option to consider.

Gynecomastia Surgery

Gynecomastia surgery is clearly not recommended to teenage boys as in their case it is an embarrassing but rarely permanent condition. In young boys as hormone levels normalize the enlarged glands in the breasts go back to the normal size.

Even though enlarged breast in males hardly ever pose a life-threatening condition more and more men turn to gynecomastia surgery to address the problem. Nevertheless, patients should know that the surgical gynecomatia treatment can only offer aesthetic solutions, and leaves the underlying condition to be further tackled with.

Basically there are two plastic surgery procedures available:

  1. Breast-reduction gynecomastia surgery to remove glandular tissue
  2. Liposuction for breasts to remove excess fat  

During gynecomastia surgery (aka reduction mammaplasty) excess tissues and skin is removed, and, if necessary, nipples are reshaped to create a flat, male chest.

In breast-reduction gynecomastia surgery various excision techniques are used to remove enlarged glandular breast tissues and the excess skin that remains after the reduction. The nipples also must be relocated to finish the procedure.

Liposuction techniques are chosen when the enlarged male breasts mainly contain excess fat. Liposuction does not involve large incisions. A thin tube is inserted and used for loosening the fat and to suction it out from under the skin.

Quite often the gynecomastia surgery implies the combined use of the two methods.

Gynecomastia Surgery Cost 

Gynecomastia surgery cost is hardly covered by insurers as it is considered and elective esthetic surgery.  Expenses differ enormously depending on the location, the medical facility and the doctor’s reputation, but in average terms procedures for gynecomastia surgery cost between $1500 and $7000, without including additional costs such as anesthesia, medication, lab tests and operating room expenses. All things considered costs can add up to a substantial amount. Patients worldwide are aware of the huge international price and quality competition between medical facilities. Having treatment for gynecomastia abroad may be an attractive option, as in low-cost countries the same top-quality aesthetic procedures are offered for incredibly convincing prices.  Surgical treatment of gynecomastia abroad can be a safe medical alternative combined with a few weeks of relaxing holiday if you take these precautions:

  • Check medical facility accreditation
  • Ask for the surgeon’s certificate
  • Always ask what is included in the price
  • Ask about options for post-surgery care