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Bone Density – Testing and Treatment

 Bone density is measured by the amount of minerals our bone contains and is an important indicator of osteoporosis. With age bone density declines, especially in women, resulting in relative bone fragility and higher fracture risks. In ageing women bone fracture is a great medical concern as they can even result in life threatening conditions. Bone density treatment can offer elderly women solutions to strengthen bone structure and prevent potentially fatal injuries of the pelvis or the narrow neck of the thighbone.

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How Is Bone Density Tested?

Regular testing is recommended for women, especially after menopause and also in case of the following conditions:

  • Frequent bone fracture
  • Long steroid cures
  • Having received a bone marrow transplant.
  • Dropping height
  • Reduced estrogen levels.
  1. Peripheral devices

Can observe bone density in the arms or fingers, but not with very high accuracy.

            2.  Central devices

Bone density and the propensity to have osteoporosis are examined by a procedure called densitometry that exposes the patient to a low radiation, but to no pain or any unpleasant sensation. The X-rayed area is usually the lumbar spine or the hip and it takes no more than 10 minutes.

The test measures the amount of calcium and other minerals in a certain segment of the bone. The patient has to lie on the platform of the machine and a little amount of radiation is passed through the body.

Results are given in two scales:

  • T-score

It indicates if your figures are below or over the average bone density of a healthy young adult. (-2.5 and below is diagnosed with osteoporosis)

  • Z-score

This score also considers norms for your age, weight and sex in giving you a result.

Bone Density Treatment

Once diagnosed osteoporosis treatment is built on medication and dietary-lifestyle changes.

The most common drugs are bisphosphantes and hormone (estrogen) and hormone-like medication.

To complement treatment the following vitamins and supplements are recommended.

  • Calcium
  • Zink
  • Vitamin D
  • Soy
  • Magnesium
  • Fluoride

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