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Amputation Rehabilitation

Amputation Rehabilitation

 As the wound heals and the patient gradually recovers from an amputation, a number of health care professionals will pay a visit, still in acute care, to plan the discharge from hospital. Amputation rehabilitation starts right after the amputated patient is out from intensive care to restore optimal health and function, and prepare the patient for independent life. 

Hospital Care and Rehabilitation After Amputation

Depending on the type of amputation and the overall health condition of the patient,  healing time can take up to several months. In this period considerable pain, swelling and occasionally infection can be expected, not to mention the emotional trauma the patient suffers. The clinic will supply the patient with a shrinker sock to improve swelling, to shape the stump, reduce pain and give a feeling of support to the limb.


If the surgical ward decides it convenient, amputation rehabilitation may take place in a specialized hospital, where the patient is taken care of by a multidisciplinary team of health care professionals, including physiotherapists, occupational therapists, psychologists, and social workers.

  • Most importantly, in the first phase of amputation rehabilitation, patients are taught some exercises to prevent blood clots and to improve blood supply in the limbs.
  • They are also instructed in the proper use of walking aids, such as wheelchairs and crutches.
  • Depression and suicidal thoughts are not uncommon among amputated individuals, so emotional counseling and psychotherapy should be an integral part of rehabilitation.
  • An occupational therapist trains the patient to perform everyday activities.
  • Dietitians suggest healthier lifestyle changes to cope with the changed energy requirements.
  • During home rehabilitation after amputation, the occupational therapist and a social worker will pay regular visits to provide any necessary aids, such as wheelchair ramps or stair lifts, and finally prosthesis will be provided.
  • The patient is asked to attend regular follow-up appointments at the hospital, and they are offered amputee support groups with health professionals.

Prosthetic For Amputation Rehabilitation

  • Not everybody is an adequate candidate for a prosthetic limb. It requires considerable amount of energy and some people might not be able to cope with the physical challenge.
  • Candidates for prosthetic limbs undergo special rehab protocols to prepare for the prosthetics. A physiotherapist teaches a set of exercises to strengthen the muscles and to improve general energy levels.