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Physical Therapy

 Physical therapy is a branch of health care, more precisely a means of rehabilitation that aims to maintain, improve or restore health, movement and the normal functioning of injured or diseased patients, enabling them to have a better quality of life.

What are the Major Activities of Physical Therapy?

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  • Diagnose, evaluate and treat patients with impairment and activity limitation
  • Promote health, wellness and fitness of patients
  • Slow down or prevent deterioration or disability
  • By ensuring optimal performance physical therapy improves individual participation of impaired individuals
  • Communicate with other health care professionals to better address patients’ needs.
  • Patient education and instruction

What is a Good Physical Therapy Treatment Like?

  • It always starts with a thorough examinantion and a review of medical history, which makes setting up a prognosis and a physical therapy treatment plan possible.
  • The first line of action aims to reduce pain, swelling or discomfort and ensure an open, constructive cooperation with the patient. 
  • To maximize performance physical therapy must always be individualized and flexible to the needs of the patient.
  • Physical therapy must include specialized physical exercises and should also make use of other techniques such as electrical stimulation, massage therapy, relaxation techniques, breathing training, ultrasound and water tharapy.
  • It devises and facilitates  use of movement assistive technologies like prosthetics and orthotics
  • Instructing the patient in individual exercising is an essential component of physical therapy. 

Some Special Fields of Physical Therapy

Pediatric physical therapy – Representatives of this profession have been helping mainly musculoskeletal problems in children since the polio epidemic of the 1920s. These professionals instruct children, their family and scool and provide social couselling when necessary. Some typical diseases pediatric physical therapy treats are:

  • Brain injuries
  • Developmental disorders
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Scoliosis

Sports physical therapy – After injuries or in chronic musculoskeletal diseases sports physical therapy specialises in restoring strength, endurance, flexibility and mobility in sportsmen. Furthermore, this branch has the purpose of preventing injuries and enhancing the performance of active sportsmen. Sports physical therapy educate coaches and parents in health management techniques and consult coaches about the necessary changes in the training program. 

Gariatric physical therapy – This branch of physical therapy fucuses on the special needs and conditions of old-age patients, who face osteoporosis, dementia, immobility, arthritis and chronic pain. These frail patients need everyday care from a whole setup of social apparatus to ensure an old age spent in dignity and satisfaction.

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Where Can You Get Physical Therapy Treatment?

  • Clinics
  • Hospitals
  • Rehabilitation units
  • Old people’s home
  • Nursing unit
  • Sports stadiums, sports clubs