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Speech Language Therapy

Speech Language Therapy

  Speech language therapy is performed by speech pathologists, who evaluate and treat patients with communication, cognitive and swallowing problems.

After the impairment of the speech language therapy must come as a quick intervention. Speech therapy includes an evaluation from a certified speech-language pathologist, who will determine the cause of the condition, perform the necessary tests, and decide over the best treatment plan.

Speech language disorders mostly refer to problems with the production of sounds or the disability of processing sensible speech flow. The most common speech, communicative and cognitive conditions that require retraining include:

  • Aphasia – is the disturbance in comprehension and formulation of language caused by the dysfunction of specific brainspeech-language-therapy_Small regions.
  • Dysarthria – is a motor speech disorder characterized by poor articulation of words caused by a neurological injury.
  • Dysphonia – is impairment of the vocal organs, which results in the inability to produce sounds.
  • Head-neck trauma – can lead to neurological dysfunction of certain language areas

The most widely-used strategies in speech language therapy are:

  • Language intervention activities – interactions to stimulate language development, using model correct pronunciation and repetition exercises to build speech.
  • Articulation therapy – helps with articulation and sound production.
  • Oral-motor or swallowing therapy – oral exercises to strengthen the muscles of the mouth and increase oral awareness.

Speech language therapy also deals with speech assisting devices and speech replacing techniques including:

  • Augmentative communication devices – which supplement or replace speech for patients with impairment in the production of spoken language deriving from:
    • Congenital impairments
    • Cerebral palsy
    • Intellectual impairment
    • Autism
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
    • Parkinson’s disease
  • Trach weaning protocols and Passy-Muir speaking valves – involve the manipulation of the tracheostomy tube, in order to increase the patient’s capacity of breathing.
  • Post-laryngectomy communication options – when the larynx has been removed completely, the patient needs to learn new ways of communicating.