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Urology – Specialists and Surgery

 Urology, according to the etymology, is the study of urine or the urinary tract, and it is the branch of medicine focused on medical diseases and surgery of the urinary tract system from male and females and the male reproductive organs, including:

Urology hands in surgery

  • Kindneys
  • Adrenal glands
  • Urinary bladder
  • Ureters
  • Urethra
  • Testes
  • Epididymis
  • Seminal vesicles
  • Vas deferens
  • prostate
  • Penis

 Most of the conditions treated by urologists or urology specialists are those under the domain of genitourinary disorders, and combines medical non-surgical management as well as surgical procedures to treat this disorders, which usually affect both urinary and reproductory tracts. In men the urinary system is in close contact with the reproductive system and in women the tract opens into the vulva.

Urology Surgery

When non-surgical treatments do not cure the urologic issues, when symptoms are affecting the urinary track or sexual organs, when your lifestyle has changed, urology specialists may recommended you to have a surgical procedure in a urology clinic.

Urology surgery, although minimally invasive, presents risks and complications may arise. As a patient you should understand that some risks involve human error and equipment failure.

Urology surgery might consist of one of the surgical procedures:

  • Nephrectomy – when the kidney is removed due to disease or cancer.
  • Ureteral obstruction repair – when minor problems in the kidney lead to obstruction of the renal pelvis.
  • Prostate surgery – cancer.

Urology specialists should give you counsel on the options for each technique and approach, depending on the nature of your issue and many other factors. Along with the specialist, you should be able to understand the significant advantages and disadvantages for open surgery, laparoscopic and robotic surgery.

 Urologists Training on Demand

Urologists are trained extensively in almost non-invasive techniques based on ultrasound guidance, fiber-optic endoscopic equipment and state-of-the-art laser. Urology not only is traditionally the field of medicine with the most cutting-edge technology for surgical procedures, but also urologists are pioneers in robotics use.

Urologic surgeons or urologists, after surgical training period of five years minimum (general surgery and clinical urology), undergo rigorous training in clinical disciplines in connection with urology, oncology, gynecology, pediatric surgery and endocrinology among many other disciplines. Fellowship programs might come then as a post-studium in a sub-specialty area from one to three years.

 Some Sub-Disciplines or Urology

As many academic centers, urology clinics and university hospitals excel in healthcare and research, it is possible for urologists to specialize in one particular discipline, for instance:

  • Endourology – deals with manipulation of the urinary tract in a closed procedure.
  • Laparoscopy – a robot-assisted surgery of kidney and prostate.
  • Oncology – is the surgical treatment of diseases such as cancer of the adrenal glands, prostate, bladder, kidneys, ureters, testicles and penis.
  • Neurourology – the nervous system controlling the genitourinary system, for example as a result of strokes, Parkinson´s disease and spinal cord injuries.
  • Pediatric – concerned with urologic disorders in children.
  • Andrology – focused on the male reproductive system, particularly on disorders such as infertility, erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory disorders. It overlaps with endrocrinology.
  • Reconstructive urology – a specialized field that restores structure and function of the tract.
  • Urogynecology – deals with overactive bladder, pelvic prolapse and incontinence.

Urology Doctors operating

 The Why on Urological Procedures

Treatments, surgeries and urological procedures benefit individuals who experience pain with bladder control or the urinary tract. Non-invasive as well as traditional methods can treat disease processes, prostate enlargement or even cancer. Kidney infections, disorders, diseases and the vast list of urologic conditions might be treated in a urology clinic and find benefit from the broad experience of urologist specialists.


Urological Procedures: list of treatments an prices abroad